Our collaboration is addressing  the dynamics of bat movement and health, Hendra virus transmission, and human responses to bats and spillover. While studying the dynamics of this system, we are also addressing the hypothesis that restoring critical winter habitat patches would allow flying foxes to return to their nomadic lifestyle and return to a diet based on native food. Evidence for this potential is seen during infrequent pulses of winter flowering that attract urban bats out of their roosts. Restoration of bats’ nomadic behavior could potentially reverse the nuisance and disease spillover consequences of urban habituation  and could improve vertebrate  pollination services to fragmented native forests. Moreover, restoration of winter flowering habitat would also help conserve threatened bird and mammal pollinators and endangered plant communities.